Posts Tagged ‘education’

Dr. Brinkerhoff’s Instructional Model: Promoting Effective Learning

July 16, 2008

I’ve been in the Learning and Development field working in global corporations for over 10 years and I can tell you from personal experience that having a good instructional model makes a world of difference when you want learner engagement and retention.

Dr. Robert Brinkerhoff, in his book High Impact Learning, outlines an instructional model that promotes powerful learning interactions.  The model includes 4 major components: 

  1. Strategies for presenting content
  2. Opportunities for learners to practice content
  3. Approaches for soliciting feedback
  4. Promoting learner reflection

I’ve created a mindmap to highlight the components of Dr. Brinkerhoff’s model:

(Click on mindmap to enlarge)

Consider this model and share it with those responsible for learning and development at your company.

Remember, you don’t have to use every strategy noted in the model.  

However, every learning event should include the four main components highlighted in the mindmap:

  1. Present content 
  2. Provide Practice
  3. Engineer Feedback
  4. Promote Reflection

What Smart Students Know: Maximum Grades. Optimum Learning. Minimum Time.

July 3, 2008

In 1993 Adam Robinson, Co-founder of the Princeton Review, wrote a book called What Smart Students Know. The remarkable thing about this book is that it shows students (and anyone interested in learning) how to take full control of their education.  

For me, mindmapping is like that.  With mindmapping you take control of information and manipulate, reuse, and visually represent it anyway you like.

Similarly, this book is about taking control of your education.  As Adam Robinson put it, “I wrote it to show you how to improve your grades by mastering an entirely new way to learn.”  Think about that: “…an entirely new way to learn.”

Many of us believe that a teacher teaches us.  But learning is not determined by the teacher, it is determined by the student. If the student is active and engaged, the student will learn from the teacher.

But if the student is distracted and not engaged, the teacher will teach, but the student will not learn.  

What is so remarkable and “new” about Adam Robinson’s book is that he shows the student how to leverage techniques, strategies, and approaches that enable them to learn – with or without a teacher.  He shares these empowering strategies through 12 principles.

I created a mindmap to capture these 12 principles and what they mean.  If they resonate for you, pick up the book immediately and read it.  If they don’t, by all means find something that causes you to be an active learner and not a passive observer.  In the end, we have to find resources that work for us.  As someone who did well in high school, college, and graduate school, I can tell you from personal experience – these principles worked for me.

Click on the mindmap to enlarge and read the 12 principles:

If you have MindManager 7 or the MindManager Viewer 7 (which is a free download) you can view the notes that are a part of this mindmap.  I encourage you to download this mindmap and read the informative notes by Adam Robinson on each principle.

The MindManager file (.mmap) for this mindmap is available for download at  Click here to download.

Mead Map: Mindmapping for Teachers

June 14, 2008

In an earlier post, I highlighted Mead Map as a great resource for students.  But this same site offers great benefits for teachers as well.  As a teacher on the high school or college level, you have to put together lesson plans/syllabus, organize student work, handle school administrative activities, and do research.  Mead Map can help with all of this.  And if you provide online assistance to your students, you can collaborate “real-time” with them over the web.

Here are few ways teachers can use Mead Map.  Click on the mindmaps to enlarge:


To start organizing and visualizing all of your work, go to the Mead Map site today.  You can try it out for free for 30 days!  Click here.

The SBI Model: Giving Effective Feedback

June 14, 2008

Whether in business or your personal life, giving effective feedback is critical to good communication.  

The Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) has a three-step process for effective feedback called the Situation-Behavior-Impact model.  As they state, “SBI provides a structure that helps keep your feedback focused and relevant, and increases the likelihood it will be received in a clear, non-defensive manner by the recipient.”

The mindmap below provides more detail on the model.  Click on the mindmap to enlarge:

In March 2006, I had an opportunity to participate in a leadership development program at CCL in Greensboro, NC.  During that seminar the SBI model was shared and immediately I saw it’s usefulness.  I hope you find it useful as well.